The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a private, non-profit organization that reviews and accredits graduate medical education (residency and fellowship) programs, and the institutions that sponsor them, in the United States.
The ACGME was established in 1981 from a consensus in the academic medical community for an independent accrediting organization. Its forerunner was the Liaison Committee for Graduate Medical Education, established in 1972.
The mission of the ACGME is to improve health care and population health by assessing and advancing the quality of resident physicians' education through accreditation.
The ACGME's chief executive officer is Thomas J. Nasca, MD, MACP.
In academic year 2013-2014, there were approximately 9,600 ACGME-accredited residency and fellowship programs in 130 specialties and subspecialties at approximately 700 sponsoring institutions. The number of active full-time and part-time residents and fellows was over 120,000.
The ACGME has 28 Review Committees and one Recognition Committee. Each Review Committee comprises about 8 to 20 volunteer physicians. Members of the specialty Review Committees are appointed by the AMA Council on Medical Education and the applicable American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member board and other applicable specialty organizations. Members of the Review Committee for Osteopathic Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine and the Osteopathic Principles Committee are appointed by the ACGME and the American Osteopathic Association. Members of the Institutional Review Committee and Transitional Year Committee are appointed by the ACGME Executive Committee and confirmed by the Board of Directors.
The ACGME's member organizations are the American Board of Medical Specialties, American Hospital Association, American Medical Association, Association of American Medical Colleges, the Council of Medical Specialty Societies, the American Osteopathic Association, and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine. Member organizations each nominate four members to the Board of Directors, which also includes two resident members (the chair of the Council of Review Committee Residents and a resident member appointed by the Resident and Fellow Section of the AMA), three public directors, the chair of the Council of Review Committee Chairs, one to four at-large directors, and a non-voting federal representative.